Terminology

Since Taekwondo is a Korean sport, Learning Korean terminology in class is sometimes met with resistance, and other schools may choose not teach it or lack the knowledge to do so. While we try not to overwhelm students with Korean terms, we do feel that some basic knowledge in Korean terminology and culture is important for several reasons.

Most importantly, it is done out of respect for and to gain an appreciation of the culture.

Additionally, it aids in our martial arts education. Korean terminology is used throughout the Taekwondo class, and understanding the meaning of these words will make participation in class more meaningful. Certain Korean words and phrases communicate descriptions, specific techniques, and ideas better than English words. Instead of saying “Drag the behind leg and kick with the front leg,” it is easier to simply call it a Pa-ruen-bal. In essence, since most all of the descriptions of techniques are probably not familiar to a beginner, one is already learning a new language.

Finally, French and English may be the diplomatic languages, but the diplomatic language of TKD is Korean. A colleague once told a story where he was in a TKD class with a student from Africa, “There was no other common language between us except Korean”. They were able to work out together using fragmented Korean terminology.

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Color Belt Terminology
Black Belt Terminology

Color Belt Terminology

White to Yellow Belt

* What is your goal in Martial Arts?  To be a Black Belt Sir.  
 *Name of art you are learning:  Tae Kwon Do 
 Ready        Joon-bee  
 Horse riding stance   Kee-ma-she  
 Begin  Shee-jahk  

Yellow to Orange Belt

 *Thank You     Kam-Sa-Hahm-Ni-Da 
 Attention  Cha-ree-yut
 Let’s go    Ka-ja

Orange to Light Green Belt

**If you are age 7 and older, you need to demonstrate how to tie your belt in addition to the terminology listed below.

*Count to 8 in Korean:

*One  Ha-Na   
 *Two  Dool  
 *Three  Set  
 *Four  Net  
 *Five  Da-Sut  
 *Six  Yuh-Sut  
 *Seven  Il-Gop  
 *Eight  Yuh-Duhl  

Light Green to Dark Green Belt

 *Stop     Kue-mahn  
 *Return  Bah-ro  
 Block   Mak-ki  
 Both hand low block   Hae-cheo-mak-ki   

Dark Green to Light Blue Belt

Question: What does DARIMAR mean?
Answer: DARIMAR means to balance your life force, sir.

 *Uniform     Do-bowk  
 *Training hall   Do-jahng  
 Turn around   Dwiro-dora  

Light Blue to Dark Blue Belt

Know the Five Spirits of Taekwondo:

 Courtesy
 Integrity
 Perseverance
 Self-control
 Indomitable spirit

Dark Blue to Purple Belt

**If you are of the age 6 or younger, you will need to demonstrate the ability to tie your belt in addition to the terminology listed below:

 Sparring Stance:  Keo-roo-gee  
 Greeting:    Kyung-yae   
 Grandmaster:        Sah-boo-nim   
 Greeting to Grandmaster:  Sah-boo-nim Gae Kyung- yae.  

Purple to Brown Belt

 Foot technique  Joke-gee  
 Hand technique  Soo-gee   
 Form      Poom-se  
 Switch feet  Pawl-pock-gwuh  

Brown to Red Belt

 Front kick      Ap-cha-gee  
 Side kick   Yup-cha-gee  
 Round house kick  Dol-yo-cha-gee  
 Back kick    Dweet-cha-gee  
 Tornados kick  Dol-gae-cha-gee  

Red to Red/Black I Belt

 Spring   Bom
 Summer  Youh-ruem  
 Fall  Gah-earl  
 Winter  Ge-wool  

Red/Black I to Red/Black II Belt

 Breaking technique    Kouk-pa  
 Arm   Palr  
 Foot    Balr  
 Mind & body unification  Chung-shin-tong-il  

Red/Black II to Black Belt Belt

 Advancing to a black belt is a big honor and requires a bit more than terminology. In order to prepare for your black belt test, please write an essay that is no more than one page long and answer this prompt: 
▪What have I gained through my studies with Darimar Martial Arts?

Black Belt Terminology

Black to Black/white stripe

 1st degree black belt  IL-Dahn 
 2nd degree black belt  E-Dahn
 Black belt   Dahn
 Color belt  Kup
 Belt  ^D  

Black/white to Black/yellow stripe

 Yell    Ki-Hap
 Center of energy  Dan-jun
 Tournament  Shi-hap
 Demonstration  Shi-Bum

Black/yellow to Black/Orange stripe

 Hand    Son
 Punch   Ji-rue-gee
 Strike   CHI-gee
 Knife chop    Son-nalr-CHI-gee

Black/Orange to Black/ L Green stripe

 Face  Eol-gul
 Neck  Mok
 Head   Mo-li
 Wrist  Son-mock
 Fist  Joo-mock

Black/L Green to Black/D Green stripe

 Leg  Da-lee
 Knee  Moo-rup
 Forearm    Pal-mock 
 You’re welcome.  Chun-mann-ye-yo.

Black/D Green to Black/L Blue stripe

 Courtesy  YEA-ow-e
 Integrity  YUM-chi
 Perseverance  In-ney
 Self control  Kuek-gee 

(similar to kook-ie) 

 Indomitable spirit  Back-jel-bool-gool

Black/L Blue to Black/D Blue belt

 Essay: 

What does the meaning of your belt to you, and how will you apply it to your everyday life?

(less than 1 page)

Black/D Blue to Black/Purple Belt

 Jumping side kick   DDer-yep-cha-gee
 Jumping front kick  DDer-ap-cha-gee
 Go ahead quickly  DDer-gar
 Jumping back kick   DDer-dwi-cha-gee

Black/Purple to Black/Brown Belt

 Yes  Ye
 No   Anio
 Continue  Kye-sok
 Relax    She-yo 

Black/Brown to Black/Red

 Nine  A-hob
 Ten  Yol
 Twenty  Su-mul
 Thirty   So-run
 Forty  Mah-un

Black/Red to Black Red/Black

 Nice to meet you.  Pan-gap-seum-ni-dah.
 How Are You    Ahn neong ha shim ni gah
 Good Bye   Ahn neong hee gey ship shee yo

2nd Degree Plain black Belt to White belt

 2nd degree black belt  E-Dahn
 3rd degree black belt  Sham-Dahn
 Black belt   Dahn
 Color belt   Kup
 Belt    ^D

2nd Black White to Yellow belt

 Write your name in Korean.

2nd Black Yellow to Orange belt

 Turn right   Jar-hyung-jar
 Turn left   Ooh-hyung-ooh
 Stop immediately  Jae-jar-ree-e-she

2nd Black Orange to L Green belt

 You’re welcome!   Cheon-ma-ene-yo.
 I’m sorry.  Choe-song-ham-ni-dah.
 That’s all right.   Kwaen- chan-a-yo.